Varanasi City Information

Varanasi City Information and Travel Guide

Varanasi is one of the oldest living cities in the world. It is situated in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Sited on the bank of the holy river Ganga Varanasi is the famous sacred city of Hindu. It is a famous Hindu pilgrimage centre. It is the holiest place for Hindus. This city is also called as Benaras and Kashi. The city is dotted with collection of temples which appeals tourists from all over the world. Some of temples of the city are very old and some are newly built. These temples deserve the attentions of tourists and pilgrims throughout the entire globe. Especially Hindu devotees and pilgrims come to the city to offer prayer at the holy place. It is also understood that the water of Ganga has the power of washing away all of one’s sins.

The holy city Varanasi is not only associated with Hindu, but it is also associated with Jainism and Buddhism. There are a number of shrines associated with Buddhism and Jainism. For instance, Sarnath is a world famous site for Buddhists. The ancient city of Varanasi is also noted for the age old civilization. It depicts the ancient civilization of entire country. Tourists can see numerous remains of the past including the National emblem of India and the Ashoka Pillar at the Sarnath Archaeological Museum. Travellers have brilliant opportunity to see the varied rituals, customs, traditions and culture of India in Varanasi. The city is also noted as an excellent centre for learning and the tradition for long times. Still today Banaras Hindu University is one of India’s top universities. Varanasi is also popularly described as the cultural capital of India.

Varanasi Weather & Climate and Temperature

Varanasi weather or climate depends on three main seasons - summer, winter and monsoon. The holy city of observes a humid subtropical climate with huge variations between summer and winter temperatures. April to June period is dry summer season in Varanasi. The monsoon season in Varanasi starts from July to October. And the winter in Varanasi starts from December to February. In winter, Varanasi temperature goes sometime below 5 °C (41 °F). In summer, Varanasi temperature ranges between 22 and 46 °C (72 and 115 °F).

Climate data for Varanasi Airport (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
35.8
(96.4)
42.4
(108.3)
45.3
(113.5)
46.8
(116.2)
48.0
(118.4)
43.9
(111.0)
39.8
(103.6)
42.3
(108.1)
39.0
(102.2)
35.3
(95.5)
32.7
(90.9)
48.0
(118.4)
Average high °C (°F) 23.0
(73.4)
26.2
(79.2)
32.6
(90.7)
38.5
(101.3)
40.3
(104.5)
38.4
(101.1)
33.7
(92.7)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91.0)
32.7
(90.9)
29.4
(84.9)
24.7
(76.5)
32.1
(89.8)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.2
(61.2)
21.9
(71.4)
25.5
(77.9)
27.2
(81.0)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
24.4
(75.9)
20.6
(69.1)
14.4
(57.9)
10.1
(50.2)
19.2
(66.6)
Record low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
2.4
(36.3)
7.9
(46.2)
11.4
(52.5)
17.8
(64.0)
14.3
(57.7)
21.4
(70.5)
21.7
(71.1)
19.1
(66.4)
8.9
(48.0)
4.3
(39.7)
2.3
(36.1)
0.3
(32.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.0
(0.75)
18.2
(0.72)
8.3
(0.33)
6.1
(0.24)
10.3
(0.41)
107.3
(4.22)
309.3
(12.18)
288.4
(11.35)
244.9
(9.64)
32.3
(1.27)
9.3
(0.37)
4.8
(0.19)
1,058.2
(41.66)
Average rainy days 1.6 1.7 1.0 0.6 1.2 5.4 13.9 13.1 10.0 1.8 0.6 0.5 51.5

Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)

Varanasi Places to Visit

There are a number of interesting places to visit in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh including Ganges Ghats, Hindu Temples, and historical sites. Some important Varanasi visiting places are the following.

Kashi Vishwanath Temple

Located in the heart of holy city Varanasi, the temple stands near the Daswamedh Ghat on the western banks of holy river Ganga. It is the centre of faith for Hindus. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the holiest temples for Hindus.

Durga Temple

Situated at Durga Kund (a manmade lake) it is a beautiful temple in Varanasi. The temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga 0 the Goddess of Power. The temple is also known as the Monkey Temple, because there are many monkeys present at the temple.

Sankat Mochan Mandir

Dedicated to Lord Hanuman, it is one of the holiest temples in Varanasi.

Tulsi Manas Temple

The temple is dedicated to Lord Rama and his consort Sita. It is one of the most popular temples and tourist attractions in the city. The temple is also called Birla Temple. The temple is situated next to the famous Durga Temple.

Bharat Mata Temple

Located in the campus of the Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, it is the only temple in India dedicated to Mother India. The temple has not idols or status. It has only a large relief map of India.

Banaras Hindu University

It is India’s one of the top universities. It is also one of the oldest educational institutions of India. It was founded by Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya in the year of 1917.

Varanasi Ghats (Ganges Ghats)

Ghats are also the major attractions of Varanasi tourism. There are a number of ghats in Varanasi where one can see varied rituals being performed. Visitors coming to the Ghats grab the spectacular view of temples and other ghats sailing over the Ganga River.

How to Reach Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Reaching Varanasi by Air:

The holy city of Varanasi is well-connected and accessible by flights. It is well connected to major Indian cities and tourist spots like Delhi, Agra, Khajuraho, Jaipur, etc.

Reaching Varanasi by Rail:

Varanasi Railway station is well linked with major cities like Delhi, Bodhgaya, Patna, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc.

Reaching Varanasi by Road:

Varanasi is well-connected with major cities like Patna, Bodhgaya, Agra, Kanpur, Allahabad, Kanpur, Bhopal, Lumbini, Kushi Nagar, Gorakhpur, Khajuraho, etc.