Patna City Information
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Patna City Information

Patna, earlier known as Patliputra, is the capital city of Bihar. It is also the largest city in the state. The place holds deep significance for many faiths- Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs and Jains, having many notable pilgrimage spots.

The town of Patna is known to be one of the oldest inhabited places on earth. It holds within itself the deep history of scholars like Aryabhatta, Chanakya, Vatsyayana, and many other scholars. Patna is even acclaimed for being the hub for fine arts back in the day.

The modern-day Patna is different from its past. The place has seen a few bumps in terms of economic growth and development, but it still holds its ground and is gaining its glory back as the roots are strong.

State Bihar
District Patna
Metropolis 2,046,652
Metro 3,874,000
Language Hindi and Magahi
PIN Code 8000xx

Climate & Weather of Patna

The city has a subtropical climate. Typically Patna experiences three seasons- summers (from late March to June), monsoon (from late June to late September) and cold and foggy winters (from November to February).

Economy in Patna

The economy of the city is heavily based on agriculture and trade, both imports and exports. The most active exports are grain, sugarcane, sesame, and medium-grained Patna rice. The city is also home to quite a few sugar mills.

In recent years Fast-Moving Consumer Goods industry, service sector and green revolution business have seen steady growth. In 2009, the World Bank stated Patna as the second-best city in India to start up a business. As of 2015, the GDP per capita of Patna is ₹1,06,000 and its GDP growth rate is 7.29 percent.

Education in Patna

The literacy rate in the city is quite impressive. Overall the literacy rate is 70.68%. The male Literacy rate is 78.48% and the Female Literacy rate is 61.96%.

The city also hosts some best-in-class educational institutions. Here’s listing a few to give you an idea-

  • Patna University
  • Anugrah Narayan College
  • Chanakya National Law University
  • Aryabhatta Knowledge University
  • Indian Institute of Technology Patna
  • Bakhtiyarpur College of Engineering
  • National Institute of Technology
  • Nalanda Medical College Hospital
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna
  • Chandragupta Institute of Management
  • Patliputra University, and many more. 

Businesses in Patna

Businesses in the city are mostly driven by agriculture and the activities around it. A large chunk of the population is employed as labour in factories and mills.

The second economic driver is the service sector. This employs a large chunk of the urban population in the city.

Points of Interest in Patna

Gandhi Ghat

One of the most famous ghats of the holy river Ganga in the city. This one is notable because the ashes of Mahatama Gandhi were immersed here. As soon as dusk approaches a divine Ganga aarti is held by the priests lighting 51 lamps, which attracts hundreds and thousands of devotees from all around the globe. It’s an experience worth living.

Patna Sahab Gurudwara

This is one of the holiest shrines of the Sikh community. The tenth Sikh guru- Shri Guru Gobind Singh Ji took birth in Patna and the Patna Sahib Gurudwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh in his reverence. Sikhs from all around the world visit the Gurudwara to pay their respect to their guru. A morning prayer called ardaas is performed here every morning at 5:45 AM and evening prayer at 6 PM. Not only Sikhs, but people from all communities are welcome and are served langar.

Patna Museum

Founded by Sir Edward Gait, Lieutenant Governor of Bihar during the British Raj back in 1917. The place has around 20,000 exhibits which are quite intriguing in themselves. They have a casket containing Mahatama Buddha’s ashes, a fossil of a 200 million-year-old tree, ancient scriptures and a lot more. The curious child inside you would love it.

Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park

The Governor of Bihar in 1969 established this park as a botanical garden. Today it’s both a botanical park and a zoo. The zoo has around 800 animals in 110 species and the garden has around 300 species of trees herbs and shrubs. Families often come here to spend some quality time together and enjoy picnics.


Golghar was built by Captain John Garstin in 1786 as a granary for the British army garrisoned in the city. The most unique thing about this structure is that this huge dome which is 29 m in height and 125 m in diameter, is not supported by any pillars! It is whitewashed and has a spiralled staircase in it. The architectural marvel is worth visiting.

Nalanda Mahavihara

Remember the name from the national anthem? Nalanda was one of the oldest universities in the country and probably even the world. This is a UNESCO World Heritage Site for all the rich legacy that it carries. The place still has ruins of the past and libraries containing ancient wisdom. If you have a desire to learn about our heritage, this place must make it to your itinerary.

Choti Dargah

A little away from the hustle-bustle of the city, just 32 km west of Patna lies, one of the finest and least known Mughal structures in India – the Choti Dargah of Maner. This was built in 1616 in honour of the Sufi saint Makhdoom Shah Daulat who passed away in Maner and was buried here. It’s adorned with a beautiful, has handwork all over and has inscriptions from Quran. A must-visit for sure.

How to Reach Patna

The connectivity in the city has improved manifolds in the past few decades and it's now very well connected to the major parts of the country.


Patna railway station is one of the busiest railway stations in the country and is well connected to most major cities with trains running at a good frequency and fast pace. The city is a major railway hub and has four major stations: Rajendra Nagar Terminal (adjacent to Kankarbagh), Patliputra Junction (near Bailey road), Danapur (near western outskirts) and Patna Sahib (in Patna City area).


The Patna airport Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport is classified as a restricted international airport. It's well connected to almost all the major cities like Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad etc.

By road

The roads in the city and connecting to the city are well made. The NH 30, NH 31 and NH 2 pass through the city. The Ashok Rajpath, Patna-Danapur Road, Bailey Road, Harding Road and Kankarbagh old bypass Road are the major corridors. Buses, three-wheelers, cars, each mode of transport is found in the city.

Moving to Patna

Moving to Patna can be a very good option as the city is evolving, you can get exposed to a lot of opportunities that are opening up. As the connectivity in the city is quite good and is getting better each passing day, shifting in the city would most likely not be a problem.

You can plan your shift around two months before your preferred day of arrival in Patna and contact a packer and mover to shift in Patna for a smooth moving experience.

If you're worried about which mode of transport will be the best for you, the packer and mover will guide you with the most suitable mode of transport for your shifting needs. The best packers and movers for moving to Patna can be found on the web, where you can make a list of a few and get quotes to get the idea of the basic market rate. You can proceed further with the one who gives you the most genuine services at reasonable needs.

But, before you finalise with the packer and mover, be sure to have a contract with him so that all the terms that you’ve mutually decided on are on paper to avoid any confusion. You must also check for his credentials like company registration number and GST number, this will assure you of the credibility of the packer and mover company.

We recommend you get all your goods covered under insurance, especially if the distance between your present location and Patna is long. This will give you a cover and hold the packer and mover responsible in case of any loss or damage.

We hope we’ve given you a good glimpse of the city and that you can have a happy and safe journey in this historic city.

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