Jaipur City Information

City Name Jaipur
Type Metropolis
Nickname Pink City
State Rajasthan
District Jaipur
Population 3,046,189
Establishment 1727
Founded by Jai Singh II
Named for Jai Singh II
Official Language Hindi
Regional Dialect Dhundari
Pin Codes 3020xx
STD Codes +91-141
Website http://jaipurmc.org

General Overview of Jaipur - the Pink City of India

Jaipur, the largest and capital of Indian state of Rajasthan, is one of the most important cities and tourist destinations in the country. Founded in 1727 by the Rajput ruler Maharaja Jai Singh II (the ruler of Amer), the city is also known as the Pink City of India due to dominant pink colour scheme of its most houses and buildings.

Designed by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, Jaipur is one of the earliest planned cities modern India. During British Rule in India, the city served as the capital of Jaipur State. After India’s independence in 1947, it was made the capital of the state of Rajasthan.

Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India. It holds a prominent mark on the India’s tourism map. It is a part of India’s famous golden triangle travel circuit covering two other cities Agra (Uttar Pradesh) and Delhi (the national capital of India).

The beautiful and lovely city of Jaipur also serves as a gateway to other prominent tourist destinations of Rajasthan, such as Pushkar (150 km), Ajmer (136 km), Bikaner (334 km), Alwar (160 km), Ranthambore (191 km), Udaipur (395 km), Jodhpur (354 km), Jaisalmer (555 km), Kota (252 km), and Mount Abut (496 km).

Jaipur, the Pink City of India, has been inscribed among India’s World Heritage Sites by UNESCO World Heritage Committee in 2019. The city is also home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites - Amer Fort & Palace and Jantar Mantar Royal Observatory.

Demographics of Jaipur, the Pink City of India

  • According to 2011 census report, Jaipur has the total population of 3,046,189.
  • The literacy rate in the city is 84.34% - 90.61% males and 77.41% females.
  • The sex ratio is 898 females per 1,000 males. The child sex ratio stood at 854.
  • 77.9% of population in Jaipur follow Hinduism.
  • 18.6% of population follow Islam.
  • 2.1% of population follow Jainism and 1.2% of population follow other religions.

Jaipur Climate and Temperature

Jaipur climate (weather) is known for long, extremely hot summers and short, mild to warm winters. The monsoon in Jaipur is influenced by hot semi-arid climate.

Climate data for Jaipur (Jaipur Airport)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
36.7
(98.1)
42.8
(109.0)
44.9
(112.8)
48.5
(119.3)
47.2
(117.0)
46.7
(116.1)
41.7
(107.1)
41.7
(107.1)
40.0
(104.0)
36.1
(97.0)
31.3
(88.3)
48.5
(119.3)
Average high °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
25.0
(77.0)
31.0
(87.8)
37.1
(98.8)
40.3
(104.5)
39.3
(102.7)
34.1
(93.4)
32.4
(90.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.6
(92.5)
29.2
(84.6)
24.4
(75.9)
31.9
(89.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
17.9
(64.2)
23.5
(74.3)
29.5
(85.1)
33.1
(91.6)
33.4
(92.1)
30
(86)
28.6
(83.5)
28.5
(83.3)
26.5
(79.7)
21.5
(70.7)
16.8
(62.2)
25.4
(77.7)
Average low °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
10.8
(51.4)
16.0
(60.8)
21.8
(71.2)
25.9
(78.6)
27.4
(81.3)
25.8
(78.4)
24.7
(76.5)
23.2
(73.8)
19.4
(66.9)
13.8
(56.8)
9.2
(48.6)
18.9
(66.0)
Record low °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
3.3
(37.9)
9.4
(48.9)
15.6
(60.1)
19.1
(66.4)
20.6
(69.1)
18.9
(66.0)
15.0
(59.0)
11.1
(52.0)
3.3
(37.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.0
(0.28)
10.6
(0.42)
3.1
(0.12)
4.9
(0.19)
17.9
(0.70)
63.4
(2.50)
223.3
(8.79)
205.9
(8.11)
66.3
(2.61)
25.0
(0.98)
3.9
(0.15)
4.2
(0.17)
635.4
(25.02)
Average rainy days 0.6 1.0 0.4 0.7 1.4 3.9 11.2 10.0 3.8 1.3 0.4 0.4 35.2

Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)

Culture of Jaipur, the Capital of Rajasthan

The city of Jaipur is known for its rich culture and traditions. The city has so many cultural sites like Ravindra Manch, Jawahar Kala Kendra, and Government Museum. Fairs and festivals celebrated in the city will provide a glimpse of Jaipur’s rich culture and tradition. Arts and crafts of the city are also famous.

Arts and Crafts

The city of Jaipur is also known of exquisite arts and crafts. You can find several traditional shops in the city that sell antiques and beautiful handcrafts. Some of the famous crafts of the city include block printing, sculpture making, stone craving, zari, gota-patti, bandhani, zardozi, gems, silver jewelry, kundan, artificial jewelry, meenakari, miniature painting, blue pottery, bangles, ivory carving, etc. Today, Jaipur is home to several artists, artisans, and craftsman.

Cuisines of Jaipur

The beautiful city of Jaipur is also noted for and delicious cuisines. Typical dishes of Jaipur city include:

  • Dal Baati Churma
  • Ker Sangri
  • Makke ki Ghat
  • Bajre ki Ghat
  • Missi Roti
  • Gatte ki Sabzi
  • Bajre ki Roti
  • Laal Maans

Fairs and Festivals of Jaipur

Plus, fairs and festivals in Jaipur are celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm. You can observe the rich culture and tradition of Jaipur by witnessing or being part of its major fairs and festivals. Major fairs and festivals in the city include:

  • Elephant Festival
  • Makar Sankranti
  • Kite Festival
  • Gangaur Festival
  • Teej Festival
  • Holi
  • Diwali
  • Vijayadashmi
  • Shitla Mata Fair
  • Chakshu Fair

Elephant Festival and Gangaur Festival are among the most celebrated festivals of Jaipur that also attract tourists from all around the world.

Language of Jaipur, the Largest and Capital City of Rajasthan

The official language of Jaipur is Hindi. English is the additional official language. Dhundari is the native and main dialect of the city. Marwari and Standard Hindi dialects are also spoken in the city, along with English.

Sightseeing and Tourism in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Loving called the Pink City of India, Jaipur is a major tourist destination in the country. Several renowned organizations ranked Jaipur among the best tourist destinations in India and South Asia. Tourism in Jaipur is centered on several forts, palaces, temples and historical sites & monuments. There are so many attractions in the city that attract the visitors’ attention. Tourists from all around the world visit Jaipur to explore its wonderful attractions including forts, palaces and historical sites.

List of Tourist Attractions in the City of Jaipur

Forts and Palaces in Jaipur

Jaipur is home to several magnificent, historical forts and palaces. Major attractions in this category include:

  • Amer Fort and Palace - declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site as part of the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan
  • Jaigarh Fort - built by Jai Singh II in 1726 to protect the Amer Fort
  • Nahargarh Fort - situated on the edge of the Aravalli Hills, the fort overlooks the city of Jaipur
  • City Palace - a magnificent palace complex, established by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II
  • Hawa Mahal - the Palace of Winds, a distinctive palace - built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh (the grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh) in 1799
  • Jal Mahal - the Water Palace, a beautiful palace in the middle of the Man Sagar Lake
  • Rambagh Palace - the former residence of the Maharaja of Jaipur and now a hotel
  • Diggi Palace - now The Diggi Palace Hotel
  • Sisodia Rani Garden and Palace - a palace garden 6 km from Jaipur

Temples in Jaipur

There are several architecturally beautiful temples in the city of Jaipur. Major attractions include the following famous temples:

  • Govind Devji Temple located within the City Palace Complex
  • Birla Mandir (Laxmi Narayan Temple)
  • Kanak Vrindavan Valley Complex (Shri Govind Deoji Parisar)
  • Digamber Jain Temple of Sanghiji, Sanganer
  • Galtaji - an ancient Hindu pilgrimage about 10 km away from Jaipur consisting of a series of temples
  • Shila Devi Temple located in Amer Fort

Gardens and Parks in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Jaipur is home to several beautiful laid parks and gardens. Some of the popular parks and gardens in the city include:

  • Central Park - the largest park in Jaipur
  • Jawahar Circle - the biggest circular park in Asia developed on a highway traffic circle
  • Ram Niwas Garden - a historical garden is located in the heart of the city, built by Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh in 1868
  • Sisodia Rani Garden and Palace - a palace garden 6 km from Jaipur

Cultural Centers and Museums in Jaipur

Jaipur is home to several cultural centers and museums. Popular ones are the following.

  • Albert Hall Museum - the oldest museum of the state and functions as the state museum of Rajasthan
  • City Palace Museum - Sabha Niwas (Hall of Audience), Textile Gallery, Arms & Armour Gallery, Painting & Photography Gallery and Transport Gallery
  • Ravindra Manch - a Theatre of Performing Arts
  • Jawahar Kala Kendra - a multi arts centre
  • Government Museum at Hawa Mahal

Other Attractions in Jaipur, Rajasthan

Apart from the above-mentioned attractions, Jaipur has a lot to offer. There are many other attractions that you can explore on your Jaipur city tour. Some other popular attractions include:

  • Jaipur Zoo - Divided into two parts: one for mammals and other for birds and reptiles.
  • Jantar Mantar Royal Observatory - a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located near City Palace and Hawa Maha
  • Jawahar Kala Kendra (JKK) - a multi arts centre
  • Raj Mandir Cinema - a renowned movie theater, situated on the Bhagwant Das Road, near M.I. Road
  • Rajasthan Assembly Building - one of the most modern legislature complexes in India, located in Jyoti Nagar, Jaipur
  • Ramgarh Lake - an artificial lake situated near Jamwa Ramgarh, 32 kilometers away from Jaipur

Popular Shopping Complexes and Malls in Jaipur

The city of Jaipur is shopper’s paradise. From street shopping and shopping in modern malls, the city offers a lot to shopping enthusiasts. Some of important shopping options in the city are the following.

Major shopping areas include:

  • Sireh Deori Bazaar known for Street Shopping
  • Aravali Bazaar known for Home Decor Items & Handicrafts
  • Chandpole Bazaar known for Handicrafts and Décor Items
  • Mirza Ismail Road (MI Road) known for Pottery
  • Tibbati Market known for Local Souvenirs and Handicrafts
  • Anokhi known for Colorful Garments
  • Purohit Ji Ka Katla known for Wedding Items
  • Kishanpole Bazaar known for Textiles
  • The Gem Palace known for Antique Charms
  • Johari Bazaar known for Jewelry
  • Tripolia Bazaar known for Bangles
  • Kripal Kumbh known for Blue Pottery
  • Nehru Bazaar known for Traditional Jootis
  • Bapu Bazaar known for All Jaipuri Items
  • Gaurav Tower known for Local Products

Major shopping malls in the city include:

  • MGF Metropolitan Mall, C-Scheme, Jaipur
  • World Trade Park Mall, Malviya Nagar
  • Elements Mall, Ajmer Road, Jaipur
  • Pink Square Mall, Govind Marg, Saket Colony
  • Triton Mall, Sikar Road, Jaipur
  • City Mall, Ashok Nagar
  • GT Central Mall, Malviya Nagar
  • Crystal Palm, C-Scheme
  • Matrix Commercial Mall, Jawahar Nagar
  • Gaurav Tower, Malviya Nagar

Details of Major Jaipur’s Attractions

City Palace

City Palace is a palace complex in Jaipur known for architectural excellence depicting excellent blend of Rajput and Mughal Architecture. The palace complex contains many beautiful palaces, temples, gardens and a prosperous museum. Important buildings in the complex are Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Govind Dev Ji Temple, Sihel Khana, Diwan-I-Khas, Diwan-I-Aam and Museum.

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal meaning Palace of Winds is a major landmark and tourist attraction in Jaipur. It is excellent example of Rajputana architecture. The place has five storeys and is constructed in red sandstone. It was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh and designed by Lal Chand Ustad.

The exterior and interiors of the palace both are eye-catching. It was built for the royal ladies to see and enjoy the activities and processions on the street below without being seen. Today this palace is served as a well-laid out museum showing past and present of Jaipur City.

Amber Fort

Also known as Amer Fort, this magnificent fort complex is situated atop a hill in the outskirts of Jaipur City. It is about 11 km away from the city. The fort is noted for architecture excellence and style. It is perfect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture. It is one of the must visit tourist attractions in Jaipur, India. Tourists enjoy elephant ride to the fort from the base of the hill. The fort overlooks wonderful views of the city.

Jaigarh Fort

It is located around 15 km from the city of Jaipur. It is one of the most impressive forts in India. It is the situated on top of hill on which hill’s bottom Amber Fort is situated. Both forts are well-connected by well-guarded passages. Here tourists can visit the World’s Largest Cannon on Wheels.

How to Reach Jaipur:

By Air:

Jaipur Airport is 10 km away from the city. Jaipur is connected by domestic flight with cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Jodhpur and Udaipur.

By Train:

Jaipur Railway Station is well-connected by railway network with major cities like Delhi, Agra, Udaipur, Jodhpur, Chennai, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Bikaner.

By Road:

Jaipur is well-connected by road with all the major cities of North India including Delhi, Agra, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Udaipur, Ahmedabad, etc.